The purpose of the facelift is to correct sagging facial tissue (cheeks, jowls, facial contour and neck) and to reduce wrinkles.
Called a “classic” facelift, the cervico-facial facelift raises the features of the face, with the exception of the upper eyelids and the forehead. The face is remodeled and rejuvenated.
The operation lasts 2 to 3 hours, under general anesthesia or neuroleptanalgesia (local anesthesia associated with tranquilizers administered by injection). After an incision in the scalp and around the ear, the skin is peeled off and then “re-draped” on the face and neck. The neck and cheek muscles are slightly tightened to preserve the natural appearance of the face.
Hospitalization lasts 24 to 48 hours. For 48 hours, the patient wears a compression hood to limit swelling and bruising; these will disappear over the weeks. The scars will be hidden by the hair and the relief of the ear.
Successfully done, a classic facelift allows a rejuvenation of about ten years; depending on lifestyle and skin type, the effects will last more or less (from 5 to 15 years). The same person can perform 2 to 3 facelifts in their lifetime. Moreover, more and more patients resort to laser or peeling to optimize the effect of the facelift, by erasing the last wrinkles and fine lines.
The cost of a cervico-facial lift varies from 3,000 to 6,000 euros depending on the work to be done and the reputation of the surgeon.
The temple lift:
The temporal lift consists of raising the outer part of the eyebrows and reducing crow’s feet. Under general anesthesia or neuroptanalgesia, a 3 to 5 cm incision is made on the temples; the temporal muscle and the skin are peeled off, then tightened. In the end, a more open, rejuvenated look. The scar is invisible because it is located in the hair.
The forehead lift helps reduce horizontal and vertical wrinkles on the forehead (frown lines), as well as lifting the eyebrows and eyelids. Several techniques exist; the oldest consists of making an incision in the scalp, from one ear to the other; the new technique, endoscopy (an optical fiber is introduced into tiny incisions and guides the plastic surgeon) makes it possible to leave very minimal scars.
The mask lift:
The mask-lift offers a fairly deep detachment. All of the muscles and skin are lifted upwards, under general anesthesia. The Mask Lift corrects the forehead, the temporal region, the cheekbones, raises the outer corner of the eye. From where modification of the glance and the appearance of the face, lengthening of the slit of the eyelids and modification of the top of the face. The placement of bone grafts is sometimes added to the intervention.
This is an important intervention.
An incision is made from one ear to the other in the hair plus or not another in the mouth. The bones of the cheekbones and jawbones are then scraped and the soft tissues of the face are removed vertically.
Risks and side effects
Like any operation, the risks are linked to the anesthesia and the procedure itself. With in particular, infectious problems, healing, the occurrence of a hematoma (which the surgeon will have to evacuate). Another rare risk: damage to the facial nerve, which can cause motor disorders in certain facial muscles.
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